Grade Nine—Elective Courses in History-Social Science

The ninth-grade history-social science curriculum consists of two semesters of elective courses.
These courses might consist of two separate topics of one semester each or a two-semester study
of a single topic. These courses should build on the knowledge and experience that students have
gained in kindergarten through grade eight. They also should contribute substantially to students;
preparation for the three subsequent years of history—social science education that are mandated
in Education Code Section 51225.3.
Courses offered should be planned carefully by the district and school and should be consistent
with the curricular goals presented in this framework. Placement of students in elective courses
should reflect thoughtful counseling at the local school level and should consider the particular
needs or interests of the student and the length of time the student has been in the United States.
Courses that are not considered appropriate as a history—social science elective include freshman
orientation studies, computer literacy, driver training, student government or leadership, drug
abuse, career planning, family life education, and courses that reflect state requirements. Such
offerings are more appropriate for other departments. The following courses meet the intent and
philosophy of this framework:

I've include the following "courses" where Southeast Asia studies can be included. Of course Area Studies: Cultures is the best fit for a unit on Southeast Asia and I've highlighted the text in red. If anyone in ninth      grade is teaching Southeast Asia and would like to share what they're doing, email me and I will include       any and all information on this web site.

World Regional Geography

One of the realities of the contemporary world is the increasing influence of other nations in the
daily life of the American citizen. This course in World Regional Geography is designed to
provide understanding of the distribution and characteristics of the world’s major cultures and of
the dynamics of human migration and cultural diffusion.
A unit on “The Earth and Its Peoples” introduces basic physical geography and map reading
skills. In the remainder of the course, students consider the regional mosaic of the world through
a series of studies moving from Western Europe to the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, the
Middle East, and North Africa. They then study sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, the Pacific Basin, and
Latin America. For each of these regions, selected nations are studied in depth.
The final unit focuses on Canada and the United States, with emphasis on cultural and political
comparisons between these nations and on their economic relationships today. Attention is given
to the traditional and contemporary roles foreign nations play in the growth of American culture.

Area Studies: Cultures

A course in area studies focuses on an investigation of one or more cultures within a geographic
region of the world today; for example, culture studies of the Middle East, Latin America, or
Southeast Asia. This study might also compare characteristics of the culture(s) studied with those
of similar and diverse cultures.
In the study of a culture, attention should be given to its geographic setting; the population,
including traditional and modern family and social life; the status and roles of women and
minority groups; and processes of culture change and exchange. Topics of study should include
the philosophies, religions, ideologies, ethics, and values of the culture; its language; its law and
education; its literature; its science, mathematics, and medicine; its technology; and its arts, both
performing and applied. Attention should be given to the culture’s historical, economic, and
political developments, including nation building, across time.
Cultures selected for emphasis could include one that is introduced in the curriculum for
kindergarten through grade twelve and presented here to deepen and expand students’ knowledge.
Cultures also can be chosen to enrich students’ understanding of cultural diversity and to provide
balance in the representation of ethnic groups and societies around the world.

Sample course on Southeast Asia


In this introduction to anthropology, students learn about human beings and their cultures. The
two major divisions of anthropology, physical and cultural, are studied.
In physical anthropology students consider the biological characteristics of human beings, their
adaptation to their environment, and development in the context of various forms of animal life.
In cultural anthropology students learn about the culture of a specific people, past and present, as
well as those components of culture universally found among human societies. These components
include technology or tools and the ability to use them: language; institutions or organized long-lasting
ways of doing things; and belief systems. The course includes a study of the evolution ofcultures, the organization of societies, processes and consequences of cultural change. By
studying a variety of cultures, students should increase their understanding of their own culture
and appreciation of humankind’s universal qualities.






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