Grade NineElective Courses in History-Social Science
The ninth-grade history-social science curriculum consists of two semesters
of elective courses.
These courses might consist of two separate topics of one semester each or a
of a single topic. These courses should build on the knowledge and experience
that students have
gained in kindergarten through grade eight. They also should contribute substantially
preparation for the three subsequent years of historysocial science education
that are mandated
in Education Code Section 51225.3.
Courses offered should be planned carefully by the district and school and should
with the curricular goals presented in this framework. Placement of students
in elective courses
should reflect thoughtful counseling at the local school level and should consider
needs or interests of the student and the length of time the student has been
in the United States.
Courses that are not considered appropriate as a historysocial science
elective include freshman
orientation studies, computer literacy, driver training, student government
or leadership, drug
abuse, career planning, family life education, and courses that reflect state
offerings are more appropriate for other departments. The following courses
meet the intent and
philosophy of this framework:
I've include the following "courses" where Southeast Asia studies
can be included. Of course Area Studies: Cultures is the best fit for a unit
on Southeast Asia and I've highlighted the text in red. If anyone in ninth
grade is teaching Southeast Asia and would like to share what they're
doing, email me and I will include any and
all information on this web site.
World Regional Geography
One of the realities of the contemporary world is the increasing influence of
other nations in the
daily life of the American citizen. This course in World Regional Geography
is designed to
provide understanding of the distribution and characteristics of the worlds
major cultures and of
the dynamics of human migration and cultural diffusion.
A unit on The Earth and Its Peoples introduces basic physical geography
and map reading
skills. In the remainder of the course, students consider the regional mosaic
of the world through
a series of studies moving from Western Europe to the Soviet Union and Eastern
Middle East, and North Africa. They then study sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, the
Pacific Basin, and
Latin America. For each of these regions, selected nations are studied in depth.
The final unit focuses on Canada and the United States, with emphasis on cultural
comparisons between these nations and on their economic relationships today.
Attention is given
to the traditional and contemporary roles foreign nations play in the growth
of American culture.
Area Studies: Cultures
A course in area studies focuses on an investigation of one or more cultures
within a geographic
region of the world today; for example, culture studies of the Middle East,
Latin America, or
Southeast Asia. This study might also compare characteristics of the culture(s)
studied with those
of similar and diverse cultures.
In the study of a culture, attention should be given to its geographic setting;
including traditional and modern family and social life; the status and roles
of women and
minority groups; and processes of culture change and exchange. Topics of study
the philosophies, religions, ideologies, ethics, and values of the culture;
its language; its law and
education; its literature; its science, mathematics, and medicine; its technology;
and its arts, both
performing and applied. Attention should be given to the cultures historical,
political developments, including nation building, across time.
Cultures selected for emphasis could include one that is introduced in the curriculum
kindergarten through grade twelve and presented here to deepen and expand students
Cultures also can be chosen to enrich students understanding of cultural
diversity and to provide
balance in the representation of ethnic groups and societies around the world.
In this introduction to anthropology, students learn about human beings and
their cultures. The
two major divisions of anthropology, physical and cultural, are studied.
In physical anthropology students consider the biological characteristics of
human beings, their
adaptation to their environment, and development in the context of various forms
of animal life.
In cultural anthropology students learn about the culture of a specific people,
past and present, as
well as those components of culture universally found among human societies.
include technology or tools and the ability to use them: language; institutions
or organized long-lasting
ways of doing things; and belief systems. The course includes a study of the
evolution ofcultures, the organization of societies, processes and consequences
of cultural change. By
studying a variety of cultures, students should increase their understanding
of their own culture
and appreciation of humankinds universal qualities.