Encountering Nature in World History
ORIAS Summer Teacher's Institute
July 24th to July 28th, 2006
Energy Through the Ages:
Stories of Energy in Social and Political Life Around the World
Saturday, January 23, 2010
Environmental History Bibliography


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Peter Atkins, et al. People, Land & Time: An Historical Introduction to the Relations Between Landscape, Culture and Environment (London: Arnold, 1998/2004).

Stephen Boyden. Biohistory: The Interplay Between Human Society and the Biosphere, Past and Present (Paris: UNESCO, 1992).

Edmund Burke III and Kenneth R. Pomeranz eds., The Environment and World History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009).

David Christian. Maps of Time: An Introduction to Big History (University of California Press, 2004).

William Cronon, ed. Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature (London: W. W. Norton, 1996, 1995).

Alfred Crosby. The Columbian Exchange (Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1972).

————. Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900 (Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Harm de Blij. Why Geography Matters: Three Challenges Facing America (Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Warren Dean. With Broadax and Firebrand: The Destruction of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).

Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs, and Steel (New York: W. W. Norton, 1997).

————. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed (New York: Viking, 2005).

Richard Feynman The Feynman Lectures on Physics (Reading MA: Addison-Wesley, 1988).

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha, This Fissured Land An Ecological History of India (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Colin McEvedy and Richard Jones, An Atlas of World Population History (New York: Facts on File, 1978).

Richard H. Grove. Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens, and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600 (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Andrew Goudie and Heather Viles. The Earth Transformed: An Introduction to Human Impacts on the Environment (Oxford, Blackwell, 1997).

Ramachandra Guha. Environmentalism: A Global History (New York: Longman, 2000).

Charles A. S. Hall, Cutler J. Cleveland, Robert Kaufmann, Energy and Resource Quality: the Ecology of the Economic Process (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1986).

J. Donald Hughes. An Environmental History of the World: Humankind's Changing Role in the Community of Life (London: Routledge, 2001).

Shepard Krech III. The Ecological Indian: Myth and History (New York, 2000).

Shepard Krech III, et al., eds. Encyclopedia of World Environmental History, vol. 1 (New York: Routledge, 2004).

Lawrence Hall of Science, U. C. Berkeley. Global Systems Science -Integrated, cross-discipline curriculum for high school. http://www.lawrencehallofscience.org/gss/ (Lawrence Hall of Science, 2007.)

John R. McNeill. Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World (New York: W. W. Norton, 2000).

John R. McNeill and William H. McNeill. The Human Web (New York & London: W.W. Norton, 2003).

John R. McNeill and Verena Winiwarter (eds.). Soils and Societies: Perspectives from Environmental History (Isle of Harris: The White Horse Press, 2006).

William B. Meyer. Human Impact on the Earth (New York: CUP, 1996).

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being (Washington, Covelo, London: The Island Press, 2005).

Jason W. Moore, “Environmental Crisis and the Metabolic Rift in World-Historical Perspective,” Organization and Environment 13, no. 2 (2000).

Joy A. Palmer, ed. Fifty Key Thinkers on the Environment (London & New York: Routledge, 2001).

Michael Pollen. Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (Penguin Press, 2006).

Kenneth Pomeranz. The Great Divergence: Europe, China, and the Making of the Modern World Economy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

Clive Ponting. A Green History of the World: The Environment and the Collapse of Great Civilizations (London: Penguin, 1991).

Stephen J. Pyne, World Fire: The Culture of Fire on Earth (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997).

John F. Richards. The Unending Frontier: An Environmental History of the Early Modern World (Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2003).

Neil Roberts. The Holocene: An Environmental History (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989).

W. M. S. Russell. Man, Nature and History (London: Aldus, 1967).

Wolfgang Schivelbusch, Disenchanted Night:  The Industrialization of Light in the Nineteenth Century  (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).

Rolf Peter Sieferle, The Subterranean Forest: Energy Systems and the Industrial Revolution (Cambridge UK: The White Horse Press, 2001).

I. G. Simmons. Changing the Face of the Earth: Culture, Environment, History (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989).

————. Environmental History: A Concise Introduction (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1993).

Vaclav Smil, Energies (Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1999).

Vaclav Smil, Energy in World History (Boulder: West View Press, 1994).

Vaclav Smil, General Energetics: Energy in the Biosphere and Civilization (New York, John Wiley and Sons, 1991).

B.D. Smith, The Emergence of Agriculture (New York: Scientific American Library, 1995).

W. L. Thomas, et al., eds. Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956).

B. L. Turner II, et al., eds.The Earth as Transformed by Human Action: Global and Regional Changes in the Biosphere over the Past 300 Years (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

John Vogler and Mark F. Imber. The Environment and International Relations (London: Routledge, 1996).

Benjamin Wheeler, et al. It's All Connected (Seattle: Facing the Future: People and the Planet, 2005).

Brian Williams, Deforesting the Earth from Prehistory to Global Crisis (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006).

World History for Us All: A web-based model curriculum for world history in middle and high schools - a cooperative project of the National Center for History in the Schools and San Diego State University.
-"Humans and Environment” theme runs through all the Big Era sections

Donald Worster.The Wealth of Nature: Environmental History and the Ecological Imagination (New York : Oxford University Press, 1993).

E. A. Wrigley. Continuity, Chance and Change: The Character of the Industrial Revolution in England (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988).


Larry Everest. Oil, Power and Empire: Iraq and the U.S. Global Agenda (Common Courage Press, 2004).

Richard Heinberg. The Party's Over: Oil, War And The Fate Of Industrial Societies (New Society Publishers, 2005).

Dilip Hiro. Blood of the Earth: The Battle for the World's Vanishing Oil Resources (Nation Books, 2006).

Michael Klare. Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Dependency on Imported Petroleum (Owl Books; Reprint edition, 2005).

James Howard Kunstler. "Running on Fumes" in The Long Emergency: Surviving the End of Oil, Climate Change, and Other Converging Catastrophes of the Twenty-First Century (Grove Press, 2006).

Paul M. Lubeck, Michael J. Watts, Ronnie Lipschutz. "Convergent Interests: U. S. Energy Security and the Security of Nigerian Democracy" International Policy Report (Publication of the Center for International Policy, Feb. 2007).

Paul Roberts. The End of Oil: On the Edge of a Perilous New World (Mariner Books; Reprint edition, 2005).

Daniel Yergin. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power (Free Press, 1993). (See also under videos.)


Norris Hundley, Jr. The Great Thirst: Californians and Water A History (University of California Press, 2001).

Marc Reisner. Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water (Penguin Books, 1993).


Randal C. Archibold. "A Border Dispute That Focuses On Water, Not Immigration" (New York Times, July 7, 2006).

Special Report: Envirotech. "Treasure From The Deep: Drinking Water" (Business Week, May 1, 2003).


Marc Cioc. The Rhine: An Eco-Biography (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002).

William Cronon. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England (Hill and Wang, 2003).

Mark Elvin. "3,000 Years of Unsustainable Development," East Asian History (1993).

————. The Retreat of the Elephants: An Environmental History of China (Yale University Press, 2006).

Brian M. Fagan. The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History, 1300� (Basic Books: 2001).

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha. This Fissured Land: an Ecological History of India (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Richard H. Grove, Vinita Damodaran, and Satpal Sangwan, eds. Nature and the Orient: The Environmental History of South and Southeast Asia (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Peter Hayes. "Enduring Legacies: Economic Dimensions of Restoring North Korea's Environment." Fourth Annual International Symposium on the North Korean Economy Center for North Korean Economic Studies, Korean Development Institute and Korea Economic Daily, Seoul, October 18, 1994.

J. Donald Hughes. Pan's Travail: Environmental Problems of the Ancient Greeks and Romans (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994).

Jeff Kelley. The Three Gorges Project: Paintings by Liu Xiaodong (San Francisco, Calif.: Asian Art Museum, 2006).

Patrick Manning. Slavery and African Life (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Robert Marks. Tigers, Rice, Silk and Silt (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1998).

Elinor G. K. Melville. A Plague of Sheep : Environmental Consequences of the Conquest of Mexico (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Conrad Totman. HdO: Pre-Industrial Korea and Japan in Environmental Perspective (Leiden: Koninklijke, 2004).

UNEP (United Nations Environmental Programme). "DPR KOREA: State of the Environment 2003." http://www.nautilus.org/DPRKBriefingBook/environment/index.html


Crude Impact (Dir. James Jandak Wood) Grade level: 10-12, College, Adult
Exploration of the interconnection between human domination of the planet and the discovery and use of oil, Crude Impact exposes our deep-rooted dependency on the availability of fossil fuel energy and examines the dire implications of the pending threat of global peak oil.

Grass: A Nation's Battle for Life (Dirs. M. Cooper, E. Schoedsack, M. Harrison, Persia, 1925). Grade Level: all.
A documentary on the migration of the Bakhtiari tribe of Persia, filmed by the directors of the original King Kong. http://milestonefilms.com/movie.php/grass/

Empires of Industry - Black Gold: The Story of Oil (History Channel A&E Home Video, 2005).

The End of Suburbia: Oil Depletion and the Collapse of the American Dream, (Dir. Gregory Greene, 2004)
Are today's suburbs destined to become the slums of tomorrow? And what can be done NOW, individually and collectively, to avoid The End of Suburbia ?

The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power (TV miniseries, 1992. Directed by Maxine Baker and based on Daniel Yergin's book of the same name.)
This exciting and entertaining eight-part series, based on Daniel Yergin's Pulitzer Prize-winning book, captures the panoramic history of the biggest industry in the world. Shot on location in Azerbaijan, Egypt, England, Indonesia, Japan, Kuwait, Mexico, Russia, Scotland, Turkey, and the United States, the series features fascinating characters, archival footage, and interviews with the people who shaped the oil industry. Yergin appears on camera throughout the series to discuss oil's impact on politics, economics, and the environment.

Thirst (Dirs. Alan Snitow and Deborah Kaufman, 2004). Grade Level: 10-12, College, Adult
Is water part of a shared "commons", a human right for all people? Or is it a commodity to be bought, sold, and traded in a global marketplace? Thirst tells the stories of communities in Bolivia, India, and the United States that are asking these fundamental questions, as water becomes the most valuable global resource of the 21st Century. A character-driven documentary with no narration, Thirst reveals how the debate over water rights between communities and corporations can serve as a catalyst for explosive and steadfast resistance to globalization. Study guide available.


Ancient Elam: A Selected Bibliography
Compiled by Javier Alvarez-Mon


1956. "Ecological Relationships of Ethnic Groups in Swat West Pakistan," American Anthropologist 58: 1079–89.

1960. The Land Use Patterns of Migratory Tribes of South Persia, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift.

1964. Nomads of South Persia: The Basseri Tribe of the Khamesh Confederacy, Universitetsforlget, Oslo.

1969. Ethnic Groups and Boundaries: The Social Organization of Culture Difference, Boston: Little, Brown and Company.


2003. "Qashqa'i Nomadic Pastoralists and their Use of Land," in Naomi Miller and Kaymar Abdi, eds., Yeki Bud, YekiNabud: Essays on the Archaeology of Iran in Honor of William M. Sumner, pp. 289–304.


1982a. Rois, Tributs et Paysans, Annales Littéraires de l'Université de Besançon 269, Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

1982b. Etats et Pasteurs au Moyen-Orient Ancien, Cambridge.


1965a. "Elamite Military Aid to Merodach-Baladan," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 29: 161–66.

1965b. "Ur: 721–605 B.C.," Orientalia 34: 241–58.

1968. "A Political History of Post-Kassite Babylonia," Orientalia 43, Roma: Pontificum Institutum Biblicum.


1966. The Amorrites of the Ur III Period, Naples.


1968a. "Geography of Settlement," in W.B. Fisher, The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. I, pp. 409–67.


1972. "Shutruk-Nahunte II et les Reliefs Rupestres dits Néo-Elamites d'Iseh/Malamir," Revue des Archéologues et Historiens d'Art de Louvain V. 1972, Louvain, pp. 17–32.

1973. "Une page d'art Iranien : les reliefs rupestres d'Izeh malamir," Archeologia 60 : 31–46. 15.

1979. "Les Processions avec Statues Divines sur les Reliefs Ruprestres Elamites, Kul- e Farah III et Kul-e Farah VI (Izeh)," Akten de VII. Internationalen Kongresses für Iranische Kunst und Archäologie, Berlin, pp. 93–101.

1981. "Travaux Archéologiques à Shekaf-e Salman et Kul-e Farah prés d'Izeh (Malamir)," IA 16: 45–61.

1982. Bronzes du Luristan et d'Amlash, ancienne collection Godard, Louvain.

1989. "Musicians and Musical Instruments on the Rock Reliefs in the Elamite Sanctuary of Kul-e Farah (Izeh)," Iran 27: 29–38.


1976a. "Montagnards et Nomades d'Iran, des 'Brigands' des Grecs aux 'Sauvages' d'Aujourd'hui," Dialogues d'Histoire Ancienne 2: 263–73.

1976b. 'A propos des Aspects Economiques de la Symbiose Nomades-Sédentaires dans la Mésopotamie Ancienne: le Point the Vue d'un Anthropologue sur le Moyen-Orient ancient," XXe Congrès International des Sciences Humaines en Asie et Afrique du Nord, Mexico.


1969. "Origins and Ecological Effects of Early Domestication in Iran and the Near East," in Ucko, P.J. and Dimbleby, G.W., eds., The Domestication and Exploitation of Plants and Animals, London: Duckworth, pp. 73–100.


2003. "Zagros Pastoralism and Assyrian Imperial Expansion: A Methodological Approach", in CE?AMP: 65–78.


2003b. "Persians, Medes and Elamites: Acculturation in the Neo-Elamite Period," in CE?AMP: 181–231.


1971a. "Persia, c. 2400–1800 BC," CAH 1/2, 644–80.

1971b. "Religion in Ancient Elam," in The Cambridge Ancient History, 3rd ed., vol. 1/part 2, pp. 662–73.


2003. "The Rise and Fall of Media", CE?AMP: 1–12.


1965. "Pastoralism and Politics in the Mari Period," Ph.D dissertation, Chicago.


1980. "Eléments pour une recherche sur le nomadisme en Mésopotamie au premier millénaire avant J.-C.," Journal Asiatique 268: 11–33.

1981a. "Les tribus pastorales du sud-mésopotamien au début du 1er millénaire avant J.-C.," Production pastorale et societé 8 : 25–34.


1978. Pastoral Nomadism in the Mari Kingdom (ca. 1830–1760 B.C.), ASOR.


1980. "The Mobility Between Settled and Non-Settled in Early Babylonia: Theory and Evidence," in L'Archéologie de l'Iraq du Début de l'Époque Néolithique a 333 Avant Notre Ére, Colloques Internationaux du CNRS 1978, numero 580, pp. 285–90.


1964. Ancient Mesopotamia, University of Chicago Press.


1971. "Ideological Aspects of Nomad-Sedentary Contact: A Case from Southern Baluchistan," Anthropological Quarterly 44/3: 173–84.


1992. Early Mesopotamia, Society and Economy at the Dawn of History, London: Routledge.


1999. Archaeology of Elam, Cambridge University Press.


1996a. "ELAM=halhatamti=high land," NABU 50.

1996b. "Trilogía de poder en Elam en el primer milenio?", NABU 19, 96–109, in Achemenet, November 2001.


1979. The King and Kingship in Achaemenid Art, Leiden: Brill.


1974. "Enclosed Nomadism," JESHO 17: 1–30.

1980. "Pastoralism and the Periphery in Evolutionary Perspective," in L'Archéologie de l'Iraq du Début de l'Époque Néolithique a 333 Avant Notre Ére, Colloques Internationaux du CNRS1978, numero 580, pp. 285–90; JNES 16: 263–271.


1995 "Pastoral Nomadism in Ancient Western Asia," in Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, J. Sasson, ed., pp. 249–58.


1982. The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic, University of Pennsylvania Press.


1996a. "ELAM: haltamti/Elamtu," NABU 89, in Achemenet 2001.

1996b. "Nouvelle Analyse des Inscriptions Néo-Elamites," Collectanea Orientalia, CPOA 3 : 385–95.


2000. A Survey of Neo-Elamite History, State Archives of Assyria Studi XII, The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, Finland.


1979. "The Mountain Zone of South-West Iran—Meeting Point of Lowland and the Central Plateau in the Late Prehistoric Period," AMI 6: 56–63.

1982a. "The Prehistory of the Northeast Bahtyari Mountains, Iran," Behihefte zum Tübinger atlas des Vorderen Orients 42, Wiesbaden.\

1982b. "The First Millennium in the Bakhtiary Mountains," AMI 15: 31–52.



The Middle East Environment:A Selected Bibliography
Compiled by Edmund Burke, III

I. The Pre-Islamic Past to 632 C.E.

Robert M. Adams, Land Behind Baghdad: A History of Settlement in the Diyala Plains (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965).

William C. Brice (ed.), The Environmental History of the Near and Middle East since the Last Ice Age (London, 1978).

Karl W. Butzer, Early Hydraulic Civilization in Egypt: A Study in Cultural Ecology (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976).

Jane Coppock and Joseph A. Miller, eds., Transformations of Middle Eastern Natural Environments: Legacies and Lessons (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998).

J. Donald Hughes, Ecology in Ancient Civilizations (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1975).

————, Pan's Travails (1995).

T. Jacobsen and R.M. Adams, "Salt and Silt in Ancient Mesopotamian Agriculture," Science 128 (1958), 1251–58.

Oliver Rackham and A.T. Grove, The Nature of the Mediterranean: An Ecological History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001).

J.V. Thirgood, Man and the Mediterranean Forest: A History of Resource Depletion (London, 1981).

J.M. Wagstaff, The Evolution of Middle Eastern Landscapes An Outline to A.D. 1840 (London: Croom Helm, 1985).

Theodore A. Wertime and James D. Muhly, The Coming of the Age of Iron (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980).

II. The Islamic Past to 1800

E. W. Bovill, The Golden Trade of the Moors (London: Oxford University Press), 1958.

Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, 2 vols. (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1949, 1973).

Richard Bulliet, The Camel and the Wheel (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1975).

Peter Christensen, The Decline of Iranshahr: Irrigation and Environments in the History of the Middle East, 500 B.C. to A.D. 1500 (Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1993).

Michael Dols, The Black Death in the Middle East (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977).

Halil Inalcik and Donald Quataert, An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Thomas F. Glick, Irrigation and Society in Medieval Valencia, (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970).

Thomas Glick, Irrigation and Hydraulic Technology: Medieval Spain and Its Legacy (Aldershot, Great Britain: Variorum, 1996).

Ahmad Y. al-Hassan and Donald R. Hill, Islamic Technology: An Illustrated History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

John M. McNeill, The Mountains of the Mediterranean World: An Environmental History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Thorkild Schioler, Roman and Islamic Water-Lifting Wheels (Copenhagen, 1973).

Andrew Watson, Agricultural Innovation in the Early Islamic World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Andrew Watson, 1974. "The Arab Agricultural Revolution, 700–1100," The Journal of Economic History 34: 4, 8–35.

J. C. Wilkinson, Water and Settlement in South-East Arabia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977).

III. Modernity, Since 1800

Robert O. Collins, The Waters of the Nile: Hydropolitics and the Jongelei Canal, 1900–1988 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990).

G.M. Craig, The Agriculture of Egypt (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

H. Dregne, Desertification of Arid Lands (New York: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1983).

Daniel Hillel, Rivers of Eden: The Struggle For Water and the Quest for Peace in the Middle East (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Douglas L. Johnson and Laurence A. Lewis, Land Degradation Creation and Destruction ( Oxford: Blackwell, 1995).

Roger Owen, Cotton and the Egyptian Economy, 1820–1914 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969).

Alan Richards, Egypt's Agricultural Development, 1800–1980 (Boulder: Westview, 1982).

Alan Richards and John Waterbury, The Political Economy of the Middle East (Boulder: Westview, 1990).

Will D. Swearingen, Moroccan Mirages: Agrarian Dreams and Deceptions (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987).

Will D. Swearingen and A. Bencherifa (eds.), The North African Environment at Risk (Boulder: Westview Press, 1996).

D. S. G. Thomas and N. Middleton, Desertification: Exploding the Myth (West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons, 1994).

John Waterbury, Hydropolitics of the Nile Valley (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1979).

G.F. White, "The Environmental Effects of the High Dam at Aswan," Environment 30 (1988), 4–11, 34–40.

World Bank, From Scarcity to Security: Averting a Water Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 1995).


China and the Environment: A Selected Bibliography
Compiled by Rachel Stern


Jasper Becker, "China's Growing Pains," National Geographic (2004). 205: 68–95.

Kristen A. Day, China's Environment and the Challenge of Sustainable Development (London: ME Sharpe, 2005).

Elizabeth Economy, The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China's Future (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004).

Historical perspectives:

Mark Elvin, The Retreat of the Elephants: An Environmental History of China (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006).

Judith Shapiro, Mao's War against Nature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Activism and protest:

Jing Jun, "Environmental Protests in Rural China," in Chinese Society: Change, Conflict and Resistance, E. J. Perry and M. Selden, eds. (New York: Routledge, 2000).

Ralph Litzinger, "The Mobilization of 'Nature': Perspectives from North-West Yunan," The China Quarterly, 178, (2004), 488–504.

Shai Oster and Mei Fong, "River of Tears: In Booming China, a Doctor Battles a Polluting Factory," The Wall Street Journal, July 19, 2006, A-1.

Jonathan Schwartz, "Environmental NGOs in China: Roles and Limits," Pacific Affairs, vol. 77, no. 1, (2004).

Phillip Stalley and Dongning Yang, "An Emerging Environmental Movement in China?," The China Quarterly, no. 186, (2006), 333–56.

Robert P. Weller, Discovering Nature: Globalization and Environmental Culture in China and Taiwan (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Guobin Yang, "Environmental NGOs and Institutional Dynamics in China," The China Quarterly, no. 181, (2005), 46–66.

Jim Yardley, "Chinese Groups Seek to Halt a Dam and Spare a Treasured Place," The New York Times, October 20, 2004, 2004a, A-10.

Yuhong Zhao, "Environmental Dispute Resolution in China," Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 16, no. 2, (2004), 157–92.


State Environmental Protection Agency

Xinhua environmental news

Stevan Harrell's website for his class on China/environment

China Environment and Development Information

Civic Exchange (a Hong Kong thinktank with research on cross-border environmental issues)

China Environment Forum at the Woodrow Wilson Center

Three Gorges Probe (information on China's big dam and water projects)

U.S. Embassy Beijng's Environment, Science, Technology & Health Section


Chernobyl: A Selected Bibliography
Compiled by Sonja Schmid

Carson, Rachel. 1962. Silent Spring. Boston, Houghton Mifflin.

Graham, Loren R. 1993. The Ghost of the Executed Engineer: Technology and the Fall of the Soviet Union. Cambridge, Mass. & London, England: Harvard University Press.

————. 1998. What Have We Learned about Science and Technology from the Russian Experience? Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Hecht, Gabrielle. 1998. The Radiance of France. Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II. Cambridge, Mass. & London, England: MIT Press.

Hughes, Thomas Parke. 1983. Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society, 1880–1930. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

————. 1989. American Genesis: A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm, 1870–1970. New York, NY: Viking.

Josephson, Paul R. 1990. Rockets, Reactors and Soviet Culture. In Science and the Soviet Social Order, ed.L. Graham. Cambridge, Mass. & London, England: Harvard University Press, 168–191.

————. 1996. "Atomic-Powered Communism. Nuclear Culture in the Postwar USSR." Slavic Review 55 (2): 297–324.

Lowen, Rebecca S. 1987. "Entering the Atomic Power Race: Science, Industry, and Government." Political Science Quarterly 102 (3): 459–479.

Macfarlane, Allison M., and Rodney C. Ewing (eds). 2006. Uncertainty Underground: Yucca Mountain and the Nation's High-Level Nuclear Waste. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.

Marples, David R. 1986. Chernobyl and Nuclear Power in the USSR. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press.

————. 1988. The Social Impact of the Chernobyl Disaster. London: MacMillan.

Marples, David R., and Marilyn J. Young. 1997. Nuclear Energy and Security in the Former Soviet Union. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Nye, David E. 1994. American Technological Sublime. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

————. 1999. Consuming Power: A Social History of American Energies. Cambridge, Mass. & London: MIT Press.

Perin, Constance. 2004. Shouldering Risks: The Culture of Control in the Nuclear Power Industry. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Perrow, Charles. 1999 [1984]. Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies. 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

(Perrow also has a book forthcoming on reducing vulnerabilities to natural, industrial, and terrorist disasters)

Winner, Langdon. 1986. The Whale and the Reactor: A Search for Limits in an Age of High Technology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Zonabend, Françoise. 1993. The Nuclear Peninsula [Presqu'île au nucléaire]. Translated by J. A. Underwood. Cambridge, England & New York: Cambridge University Press.


- Atomic Café (Archives Project, Inc. 1982)

- Meltdown at Three Mile Island (PBS 1999)

- Documentary on Chernobyl in the series "Seconds from disaster," National Geographic Channel (broadcast on 21 June 2005)

- Battle of Chernobyl (Discovery Channel 2006)

- An Inconvenient Truth (Participant Productions 2006)

Useful websites

BBC News, “Chernobyl: 20 Years On” site

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), "In Focus: Chernobyl"

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership:

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission: list of power reactors in the United States

International Nuclear Safety Center: power and research reactors in the world

Elena Filatova's personal collection of Chernobyl web-bits

English website of Energoatom (Ukraine)

Press Center of Rosatom (Russia)