THE MAKING OF CITIES

2007 ORIAS Summer Teacher's Institute

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND LINKS

. .....

GENERAL

BOOKS/ARTICLES

Fava, Sylvia Fleis, ed. Urbanism in World Perspective: A Reader. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1968.

Kostof, Spiro. The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History. New York: Bulfinch Press, 1991.

Kotkin, Joel. The City: A Global History. New York: Modern Library, 2005.

Mumford, Lewis. The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects.
New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1961.

Reader, John. Cities. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2004.

LINKS

Cities in Asia (National Geographic student site)
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/lessons/12/g68/citiesasia.html

Overview:
After identifying the characteristics of cities, students will analyze the influence of geography on patterns of urban settlement and the role geography plays in the types of cities that develop. Students will create a list of different types of cities and then compare and analyze different Asian cities.

ANCIENT &
PRE-MODERN

BOOKS/ARTICLES

Balter, Michael. The Goddess & The Bull-Çatalhöyük: An Archaeological Journey to the Dawn of Civilization. Free Press, 2004.

----------. "The First Cities: Why Settle Down? The Mystery of Communities" Science 20 November 1998: Vol. 282. no. 5393, p. 1442 http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/282/5393/1442

Gasparini, Graziano and Luise Margolies. Inca Architecture. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1980.

Hammond, Mason. Bartson, Lester J., asst. The City in the Ancient World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972.

Hodder, Ian. The Leopard's Tale: Revealing the Mysteries of Çatalhöyük. Thames and Hudson, 2006.

Hyslop, John. Inka Settlement Planning. Texas University Press: Austin, 1990

Leick, Gwendolyn. 2002. Mesopotamia: The Invention of the City. Penguin, 2002.

Protzen, Jean-Pierre, "The Fortress of Saqsawaman: was it ever finished?" in Ñawpa Pacha, No. 25-27 (1987-1989), Berkeley, 2004.

----------. "Hawkaypata: the Terrace of Leisure", with John H. Rowe, in Z. Celik, D. Favro, and R. Ingersoll eds., Streets: Critical Perspectives on Public Spaces, University of California Press, 1994.

----------. "Inca Stonemasonry", in Scientific American, Vol. 254, No. 2, February 1986.

----------. Inca Architecture and Construction at Ollantaytambo. Oxford University Press, New York, 1993.

----------. "Who Taught the Inca Stonemsaons Their Skills? A Comparison of Tiahuanaco and Inca Cut-Stone Masonry", with Stella Nair, in Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol.56, No. 2, 1997.

Ruvenhult, Göran (ed). Old World Civilizations: The Rise of Cities and States. Harpercollins, 1994.

Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman. Chinese Imperial City Planning. University of Hawai'i Press, 1990.

van de Mieroop, Marc. The Ancient Mesopotamian City. Oxford University Press, 1997.

Xu, Yinong. The Chinese City in Space and Time: The Development of Urban Form in Suzhou. University of Hawai'i Press, 2000.

LINKS

British Museum - student sites
Ancient Civilization themes: Cities (Includes interactive map of first cities.)
http://www.ancientcivilizations.co.uk/home_set.html

Staff room - http://www.ancientcivilizations.co.uk/staff/main.html
Download from staff room: Why build cities here?

Çatalhöyük Project dig site
http://www.catalhoyuk.com/

Mysteries of ÇATALHÖYÜK -resources and activity site for students (middle and high school)
http://www.smm.org/catal/

National Geographic - student site
Two Ancient Cities - Inca and Maya
Overview:
In this lesson, students will review basic facts about two ancient American civilizations: the Inca and the Maya. Then they will compare two ancient cities from these civilizations: Machu Picchu, of the Inca Empire, and Chichén Itzá, of the Maya. For each city, students will research the surrounding geography, the main structures and their purposes, the inhabitants, the building materials, the general layout, and any other revealing information or artifacts from the city. Finally, students will consider how culture and geography influenced the lives of people in each
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/lessons/04/g912/twocitiesinca.html

MODERN

BOOKS/ARTICLES

Davis, Mike. Planet of Slums. New York: Verso, 2006.

Evans, Peter, ed. Livable Cities?: Urban Struggles for Livelihood and Sustainability. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 2002.

Flanagan, William G. Urban Sociology: Images and Structure. Ed. 3. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 1999.

Hickman, Leo. The Final Call: In Search of the True Cost of Our Holidays. Eden Project Books, 2008. (Dubai article on Guardian site at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/guardianweekly/outlook/story/0,,2091462,00.html )

Korea Society . "The Modernization of Seoul" (Lesson 12 in Korea Lessons for High School Social Studies) Koreak12.org

Lejeune, Jean-Francois, ed. cruelty & utopia : cities and landscapes of Latin America. Princeton Architectural Press, 2005.

Medoff, Peter, and Sklar, Holly. Streets of Hope: The Fall and Rise of an Urban Neighborhood. Boston: South End Press, 1994.

Mehta, Suketa. Maximum City: Bombay Lost and Found. Vintage; Reprint edition, 2005.

Molavi, Afshin. "Sudden City: A feverish dream of the future springs from the sands in Dubai" National Geographic, Jan. 2007.

Neuwirth, Robert. Shadow Cities: A Billion Squatters, A New Urban World. Routledge, 2004.

O'Connell, Pamela Licalzi. "Korea's High-Tech Utopia, Where Everything Is Observed" (U-City) New York Times, Oct. 5, 2005.

Rhomberg, Chris. No There There: Race, Class, and Political Community in Oakland. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 2004.

Schiffer, Robert L. and Cooke, Jerry. The Exploding City. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989.

LINKS

IN THE NEWS:

BBC - Urban Planet (in depth special)
Includes: Live population counter, Urban explosion interactive map, Interactive tour of Mumbai slum, plus other reports, interviews, and photos
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/world/2006/urbanisation/default.stm

A good companion piece to show with the BBC urban explosion map
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/world/06/urbanisation/html/urbanisation.stm
is:
Earth At Night (NASA)
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap040822.html

National Geographic - Megacities on-line site - includes multimedia and maps from "Cities: Challenges for Humanity" series on São Paulo, Brazil; Lagos, Nigeria; Bangkok, Thailand; and Hyderabad, India.
http://magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0211/feature3/index.html

New York Times - http://www.nytimes.com/learning/index.html
Investigating Slum Dwelling in the 21st Century
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/teachers/lessons/20070117wednesday.html?searchpv=learning_lessons

Mumbai - Wall Street Jounal video of Mumbai trains at rush hour.
http://blogs.wsj.com/onlinetoday/2007/04/19/page-one-rush-hour-in-india/

INSTITUTIONS:

San Francisco Cable Car Museum
http://www.cablecarmuseum.org/

NASA cities from space collection
http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/cities/

Science Netlinks
Urban Ecosystems: Continuity and Change
Five Lessons
· Urban Ecosystems 1: Cities are Urban Ecosystems
· Urban Ecosystems 2: Why Are There Cities? A Historical Perspective
· Urban Ecosystems 3: Cities as Population Centers
· Urban Ecosystems 4: Metabolism of Urban Ecosystems
· Urban Ecosystems 5: In Defense of Cities

United Nations - One Planet Many People
http://na.unep.net/OnePlanetManyPeople/
Includes Powerpoint on urban areas and satellite photos of world cities

UNESCO - Growing Up In Cities project
http://www.unesco.org/most/guic/guicmain.htm
"We live in an urbanizing world, in which more and more children and young people live in cities. What does the process of urbanization mean in the lives of young people? From young people's own perspectives, what makes an urban neighborhood a good place in which to grow up? Growing Up in Cities is a global effort to understand and respond to these and other questions, and to help address the issues affecting urban children and youth. It is a collaborative undertaking of the MOST Programme of UNESCO and interdisciplinary teams of municipal officials, urban professionals, and child advocates around the world, working with young people themselves to create communities that are better places in which to grow up-and therefore, better places for us all."

GOOGLE - Sketchup 3D Warehouse
http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse
Help model a city: http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse/cldetails?mid=cce0b7900a3d41ea927a8b4a9a88bce0

Look up megacities on Google Earth to explore the cities from the air. (Such as Sao Paolo at
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/google_map_Sao_Paulo.htm )

ARTS

BOOKS/ARTICLES

Alsayyad, Nezar. Cinematic Urbanism: A History of the Modern From Reel to Real.
New York: Routledge, 2006.

Alter, Robert. Imagined Cities: Urban Experience and the Language of the Novel. New
York: Yale University Press, 2005.

Bely, Andrei.Petersburg, trans. Robert Maguire and John E. Malmstad. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1978.

Kaes, Anton. "Leaving Home: Film, Migration, and the Urban Experience." New German Critique, No. 74, Special Issue on Nazi Cinema. (Spring - Summer, 1998), pp. 179-192.

Lehan, Richard. The City in Literature: An Intellectual and Cultural History. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 1998.

Simmel, Georg. "The Metropolis and Mental Life." In On Individuality and Social Forms: Selected Writings, Donald N. Levine, ed.. (Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press, 1971) pp. 334-339.


LINKS- ARTS

Berlin: Die Sinfonie der Großstadt "Berlin: Symphony of a City" -- entire film on the web (without sound)
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-4999307054874717032

St. Petersburg Project - mapping the experience of St. Petersburg in the early XXth century.
http://stpetersburg.berkeley.edu (See also Bely's novel above.)

Picturing France: 1830-1900 (National Gallery of Art) explores 19th-century painting in France and the culture it reflects. Organized by region, the site offers a glimpse of the history and cultural life of Paris, Auvergne, Normandy, Provence, and other areas. More than 50 works are examined.
http://www.nga.gov/education/classroom/france/picfrance_1.pdf

Invisible Cities (audio installation exhibit)
City soundscape 5-min audio files from around the world. Curated by Fällt designers Fehler, 'Invisible Cities' offers the opportunity to experience an intimate series of portraits of the world's cities painted with sound.
http://www.fallt.com/invisiblecities

FILMS

Baraka <1993> Director: Ron Fricke (see Hong Kong section) (Mpi Home Video)

Berlin: Die Sinfonie der Großstadt ("Berlin: Symphony of a City) <1927> Director: Walter Ruttman

Favela Rising <2005> Directors: Jeff Zimbalist, Matt Mochary (Netflix studio)

Koolhaas: Lagos Wide & Close Interactive Journey Into An Exploding City <2006> Director: Breqtje (Submarine studio)

Lagos / Koolhaas <2002> Published: Brooklyn : First Run/Icarus Films, 2003.

Metropolis <1927> Director: Fritz Lang

Metropolis <2001> (anime) Director: Director Taro Rin (from manga creations of Tezuka Osamu)

DUBAI

BOOKS/ARTICLES

Al-Sager, Ayesha, Afnan Al Rubaian and Sally Khanafer, "Neither Desperate Nor Decadent," in Volume no. 6, 2006.

Angelil, Marc and Cary Siress, "Dubai, Inc." in Log 8, Summer, 2006.

Appadurai, Arjun (ed), Globalization, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001.

Bouman, Ole, "Desperate Decadence" in Volume no. 6, 2006 pp. 4-8

Dagher, Sam, "Sonapur Camp - Dubai's Dark Side" 12 April 2006, Middle East Online,
<http://www.middle-east-online.com/english/?id=16217>

Davis, Mike, "Does the Road to the Future End at Dubai?" in Log 6, Fall 2005: 61-64

Elsheshtawy, Yasser. Planning Middle Eastern Cities: An Urban Kaleidoscope in a Globalizing World. London: Routledge, 2004.

Kanna, Ahmed, "Dispatch from the Subdivision Archipelago," in Harvard Design Magazine 25 Spring 2006.

King, Anthony, Culture, Globalization and the World-System, revised edition; Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 1998.

Maclachlan, Robert, "Dubai" in The Guardian, January 27, 2007.

Machado, Rodolfo, "Dubai … Is Not Yet" In Harvard Design Magazine 25, Spring 2006 : 97

Nicolson, Adam, "Boom Town" 13 February 2006 Guardian Unlimited
<http://browse.guardian.co.uk/search?search_target=%2Fsearch&fr=cb-guardian&search=boom+town+dubai&N=>

Pacione, Michael, "Dubai" in Cities Volume 22, Issue 3, June 2005.

Sponsored by the University of California at Berkeley Office of Resources for International and Area Studies (ORIAS), Center for Korean Studies, Center for Latin American Studies, Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Institute of Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies, Center for South Asia Studies, Center for Southeast Asia Studies, Institute of East Asian Studies, Institute of European Studies. University funding is provided by Title VI grants from the United States Department of Education.

Co-sponsored by Bay Area Global Education Program (BAGEP) at the World Affairs Council of Northern California and the The Korea Foundation.