People and Place | Concepts
Ananda: Buddha's closest disciple who prepares Buddha's last resting place and later relates the sutras (Buddhist canon)
buddha: an enlightened being. There were buddha's before and after the Buddha (such as Dipamkara).
Chandaka: Siddhartha's charioteer
Devadatta: Buddha's cousin and disciple who plots to kill the Buddha by loosing the elephant Nalagiri.
Dipamkara: A buddha encountered by Sumedha (an earlier incarnation of Buddha Shakyamuni). See notes on Dipamkara and a Nepalese image at Patan Museum site (http://www.asianart.com/patan-museum/e4.html).
Kapilavastu: Prince Siddhartha's kingdom
Kashyapa: 3 brahmin brothers who lead an order of ascetics who worship the Hindu fire god, Agni
Khsatriya: Caste of warriors/rulers into which Siddhartha was born.
Kushinagara: small village where Buddha dies
Lumbini: the garden where the Buddha was born; near the ancient city of Kapilavastu in what is now modern Nepal.
Mahaprajapati: Siddhartha's maternal aunt who raises him after his own mother (Maya) dies.
Mara: ("bringer of death") demon who harasses the Buddha at the Bodhi Tree
Maya: Siddhartha's mother
naga: "divine serpent"; Venemous divine serpent of the fire-cult subdued by the Buddha (see Kashyapa).
Nirvana: "extinction"; The ultimate Buddhist goal of obtaining peace by extinguishing the illusion of ego and desire
Nalagiri: Raging elephant calmed by the Buddha
Rahula: Siddhartha's son
Sahampati: ("mighty lord") the god Brahma
sangha: a Buddhist community of monks
Shakya: Name of Siddhartha's clan
Shuddhodana: Siddhartha's father
A structure built to contain holy relics (formed in the shape of a large
(Barabudur. View of the terminal stupa as seen from the plateau. Photo by Louise Yuhas. See other images of this site (and other information on stupas) at http://www.buddhanet.net/boro.htm)
Subhadda: last person to be accepted into the Buddha's Order.
Tusita: Heaven of the Contented
Uruvela-Kashyapa: Hermitage of the fire-cult where Buddha subdues Naga and delivers the Fire Sermon
Four Noble Truths: 1)Life is full of suffering, 2)Suffering is caused by attachment, 3) Abandoning attachment brings release from suffering, 4)Release can be achieved through practicing the 8-fold path
dharma: divine law underlying reality; Buddhist doctrine of the Four Noble Truths and the Eight Fold Path.
dhyana: a state of mind acheived by meditation
Eight Fold Path: Eight teachings of Buddha that lead to the end of desire and suffering.
Ten Perfections: Charity, Morality, Forbearance, Effort, Meditation, Wisdom (to discern inner principal of things), Expedient Means (ability to convert sentient beings to true teaching), Vow (to attain enlightenment), Powers (personal occult/spiritual), Omniscience
32 Marks of the Great Man: A pan-Asiatic belief in physical marks that signify a person's spiritual destiny. There is a discussion of some of the phyical marks of the Buddha at http://www.buddhanet.net/budart.htm
Useful online introduction to Buddhism with text & illustrations by John C. Huntington.
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