a. cultural concepts which set boundaries and negotiate human and transhuman
b. not fixed categories agreed to by all people
c. connected to place and human memory through the organizing, institutionalizing, and elaborating processes of ritual
How to acknowledge special places?
A. Enact kashiwade (adapted
from Shinto practice)
1. Bow twice towards place: “Beginnings and endings . . .”
2. Clap hands twice: “Alpha and omega . . .”
3. Bow again: Yin and yang, balanced and beginning . . . “
B. Make a chorten / each layer represents five elements of East Asian cosmos (air, fire, water, earth, metal)
C. Make a mini-shrine based on Shinto’s earliest form: himorogi / seichi (characters mean “listening to the voice of
the kami/deity in a sacred place")
1. Make a rectangular clearing, four corners marked & linked by vine or string.
2. Then fill the space with little tones, and make a high marker in line with point on horizon, giant tree, waterfall,
unusual boulder, etc.
Online references (for images rather than scholarly content):
Kannagara Jinja (near Seattle) http://www.kannagara.org
Tsubaki Shinto Shrine in Stockton, CA http://www.csuchico.edu/~georgew/tsa/
Photos of Shrines http://www.kiku.com/electric_samurai/cyber_shrine/index.html
Party Line Intro to Shinto http://www.mii.kurume-u.ac.jp/~leuers/informal-homepage.htm
See also: Nelson, John. 2000. Enduring Identities: the Guise of Shinto
in Contemporary Japan. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.